Q  Name the cricketer in whose honor a memorial service was held at Westminster Abbey in London - the first time this recognition was granted to a sportsman.

A  Sir Frank Mortimer Maglinne Worrell, outstanding West Indies cricketer and Jamaican senator. He was a stylish batsman, effective seam bowler and inspiring leader who became famous in the 1950s and 60s as the first black captain of the West Indies cricket team at age 36.

After leaving professional cricket, he became Warden of Irvine Hall at the University of the West Indies, and was appointed to the Jamaican Senate by Prime Minister Sir Alexander Bustamante. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 1964 for his services to cricket.

Worrell, born 1924 at Bank Hall, Barbados died of leukemia in 1967 at the age of 42 in Kingston, Jamaica.

Q.  During one period in the early 20th Century, about 1 out of 10 of the population of Barbados and about 40 per cent of the island's adult men left the island to seek employment abroad. What project did they leave to work on?

A.  The Panama Canal Project

More about building the Panama Canal.

      Q.  Name the first African American to become Attorney General of the United States of America.

      A.  Eric Himpton Holder, Jr. (born January 21, 1951), son of Eric Sr. and Miriam Holder, both Barbadians. The Attorney General’s father was born in St Joseph, and emigrated to the United States when he was about 12 or 13 years old. His wife, Miriam, was born in New Jersey of Barbadian parents.

A:  Which are the oldest trees in Barbados?

Q:  Baobab or Monkey Bread Trees. There are two mature baobab trees (Adansonia digitata) growing in Barbados. They are believed to have been taken there from Guinea in Africa around 1738. One of them is at Queen's Park in Bridgetown. It is said to require 15 adults joining outstretched arms to surround its trunk. Its circumference is 51.5 ft (18.5 m). The other grows on the Warren's Road in St. Thomas and has a circumference of 44.4ft. (13.6m). There are also several young trees in Flower Forest, on the grounds of the Barbados Pavilion.

Q:  For what is Seawell in Barbados best known?

A:  It is the location of the Grantley Adams International Airport. The airport was once known as the Seawell Airport. The history of air transport in Barbados began in 1939 with the landing at Seawell of a Royal Netherlands Airlines plane. It had a grass runway then. The runway was paved later, and in 1949 work began on the first terminal building to replace the shed that was being used until then.

Q:  Name the first cricketer to hit the maximum of 36 runs in one  six-ball over.

A:   Sir Garfield Sobers, the West Indies player from Barbados, on August 31, 1968. The unfortunate bowler was Malcolm Andrew Nash. Sobers was playing for Nottinghamshire v Glamorgan at Swansea in the United Kingdom.

Q:  Why is part of Barbados called the Scotland District.

A:  Simple. This rugged, hilly area reminded the British settlers of the terrain of Scotland.

Q:  Who was the first black man to be elected Speaker of the Barbados House of Assembly?

A:  Sir Kenmore Nathaniel Rhysone "Doc" Husbands, following the 1948 general elections.

Q:  Who was the first colored man to sit in the Barbados House of Assembly?

A:  Samuel Jackman Prescod.

Q:  Name the island, now incorporated into the Deep Water Harbour of Barbados, that as once used as a quarantine station.

A:  Pelican Island.

Q:  True or False? When the first Englishmen to settle Barbados arrived there, they had to first subdue the warlike Amerindians living on the island.

A:  False. When a party of 80 settlers, headed by Captain Henry Powell landed at Holetown, Barbados (formerly Jamestown) on February 17th 1627, the island was uninhabited. The Arawaks, the first known inhabitants had already been displaced by the warlike Caribs, and the Caribs had themselves abandoned the island by that time.

Q:  What is "fowl down-in-rice"?

A:  This is a Barbadian meal made mainly from rice, chicken (fowl) and a number of other ingredients. It resembles the peas-and-rice of Barbados or the cook-up of Guyana.

Q:  Barbadians used to believe that a certain kind of person was able to travel as a ball of fire at night. What was this person called?

A:  A hag.

Q:  The cruel pirate Black Bart came to hate the islands of Barbados and Martinique because their people disapproved of his activities, way back in the 1700s. So he flew the letters ABH and AMH high. What did the letters mean, and how did he display them?

A:  A Barbadian's Head (ABH) and A Martinican's Head (AMH), inscribed on his pirate's flag. To get even, those were what he wanted. It appears that he did not get his Barbadian head.

Q:  Who was the first woman to be elected a member of the Barbados House of Assembly?

A:   Dame Ermyntrude Bourne D.A. Elected at the general election in December, 1951, the first election under adult suffrage. She represented St. Andrew until 1961.

Q:  Who wrote In the Castle of my Skin - a novel, partly autobiographical, about growing up in Barbados?

A:  George Lamming. His other books include Natives of  my Person, Season of Adventure, and The Pleasures of Exile.

Q:  What is jug-jug?

A:  Jug-jug is a Barbadian stew made from corned beef, pork, pigeon peas and guinea corn.  

Q:  What is the main festival in Barbados?

A:  Crop Over or Cropover. It is marked by parades and calypso competitions over the weekend leading up to Kadooment Day (the first Monday in August).

Q:  How did many white Barbadians defy the injunctions of the church up till the nineteenth century to keep their bloodlines pure?

A:  Brother married sister - with serious consequences to their .

Q:  Who was the first Barbadian to become a Knight?

A:  Sir Conrad Reeves

Q:  Who was the first Premier of Barbados?

A:  Sir Grantley Adams, on February 1, 1954, on the introduction of ministerial government in Barbados.

Q:  Where are major cricket matches played in Barbados?

A:  Kensington Oval. Capacity: 15,000. The Oval dates from 1882.

Q:  Which President of the United States did not ever visit any place outside the United States, except Barbados?

A:  George Washington, in 1751. He was reportedly "perfectly ravished by the beautiful prospects on every side" of the island.

Q:  What family owned a now world-famous vault in which coffins were moved around without explanation?

A:  The Chase family

Q:  Why did the various colonial powers tend to leave Barbados alone?

A:  One reason was that it was 100 miles east of the chain of islands. Another reason was that to get there from the other islands one had to contend with the prevailing easterly winds, which was difficult.

Q:  When did Christopher Columbus first visit Barbados?

A:  He didn't. He never saw it. One possible reason: the island is relatively flat, the highest point being just 1,100 above sea level. In 1625 some Englishmen happened upon the island and claimed it in the name of King James I.

Q:  How many Amerindians did the English find when they arrived in Barbados in 1627.

A:  None. It was clear that Arawaks once lived there. So did Caribs, who probably killed off or drove out the Arawaks and then departed themselves. The English found only wild hogs left behind by the Portuguese who visited briefly in 1536. Interestingly, the English got about 40 Arawak Amerindians from Guyana to move to Barbados.

Q:  What was the origin of the name Barbados?

A:  The name is Portuguese. The reference of the Portuguese to the island as Los Barbados (the bearded ones) is believed to describe the bearded fig trees on the island.

Q:  Who was the Panama Man of Barbados during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century?

A:  The Panama Man was any of the 20,000 men who emigrated to Panama between 1850 and 1914 to find work during the construction of the Panama Canal. With the U.S. dollars they earned, they supported their families in Barbados, or merely came back to display their newfound prosperity.

Q:  How long after the Nelson Column was erected in London's Trafalgar Square was a  statue of  Lord Horatio Nelson erected in  Barbados?

A:  Gotcha! Barbados did it first, in 1813. London followed in 1830. Lord Nelson and his fleet had visited Barbados in June 1805. Later that same year he was killed at the Battle of Trafalgar. The Barbadians of the day decided to dedicate what became Trafalgar Square in Barbados to his memory. The calypsonian Gabby sang "Take down Nelson and put up a Bajan man." There have been many other protests, but Nelson remained for a long time, facing west along Broad Street, and dominating the scene. An Act of 1988 changed Nelson's status in Barbados.

Q:  Who built the bridge that gave Bridgetown its name?

A:  Amerindians. It was a primitive bridge across the waterway. Old names for Bridgetown were Indian Bridge, Indian Bridgetown and The Bridge. Bridgetown now has two bridges spanning the Constitution River.

Q:  Where does Constitution River begin?

A:  Strictly speaking, Constitution River is not a river at all, but an arm of the sea.

Q:  Which activist, Trinidadian by birth, was so popular in Barbados that when the government deported him people rioted for three days?

A:  Clement Payne. At public meetings in Bridgetown, he forcefully advocated the formation of trade unions. After he was deported on July 26, 1937 outraged crowds gathered and soon vented their anger by creating as much damage as they could.

Q:  What does the Holetown Festival of Barbados celebrate?

A:  The beginning of the settlement of Barbados. On February 17, 1627 a group of 80 Englishmen landed on the west coast of the island with 10 Africans they captured from a Spanish galleon. The settlement of Barbados by the English had begun in earnest.

Q: When the early English settlers wanted to learn to grow tropical food crops, how did they go about it?

A:  The captain of the first ship of colonists, Henry Powell, fetched some Arawak Amerindians from Guiana to show them how.

Q:  In what area in Barbados were sea-going vessels careened?

A:  The Careenage. To careen a vessel is, of course, to clean and repaint its bottom. The Careenage is located in the lower reaches of  Constitution River.

Q:  Why is Barbados called land of the hirundichthys affinis?

A:  OK. That was probably not fair. Hirundichthys affinis is the scientific name of the flying fish, so let's make that "The Land of the Flying Fish." Not only has Barbados been associated with its plentiful flying fish almost forever but Barbadians cherish their flying fish dearly.  The fish may seem to fly, but they really leap out of the water at 55 km per hour, and can stay above it for as long as 13 seconds at a time.

Q:  A former Prime Minister of Barbados made 49 combat flights during service in Britain's Royal Air Force. Who was he?

A:  Errol Barrow. He saw active service during Word War II.

Q:  What faraway desert is responsible for some of the spectacular sunsets seen in Barbados?

A:  The Sahara desert. Fine dust drifting from the Sahara is responsible for some particularly beautiful effects.

Q:  Why did Whites from the Carolinas in the United States go to Barbados in the latter part of the last (20th) century in search of birth and baptism lists?

A:  Because many of their forbears lived there. During the 18th Century, there was a relatively large population of whites in Barbados and the plantation economy could not support them. As a result, many were out of work (they were wage earners) and  lived in squalor. The planters preferred to train slaves as managers, bookkeepers and domestic servants. Poor whites therefore emigrated to the Carolinas and also to Jamaica in significant numbers.

Q:  Why are some white Barbadians, mainly in St John, called "Red Legs"?

A:  Because their forebears, said to be mostly poor Scotsmen in kilts, had reddened legs as a result of continued exposure to the sun. They were mostly indentured servants or escaped prisoners and lived in the area below the cliff northward into St Andrew. Another term, equivalent to Red Legs, is "Red Shanks." Yet another term applied to some of these people, based on where they lived, is "Pawgees." This expression is derived from "Spaw," a plantation in St Joseph. The planters did try to provide assistance for them, but as a group they remained poor,

Q:  Who are described as "backra"?

A:  Whites. The word is derived from a West African term "bakara", which means white man. In Barbados, "Poor Whites" were also called "Poor Backra-Johnnies."

Q:  What is the opposite of "Poor Whites" in Barbados?

A:  "High Whites."  These are largely the descendants of the original planter families, who grew wealthy from the manufacture and export of sugar, and later other economic activities. Twenty such families were dominant in the early period of colonization. Those in the elite "club" formed the early legislatures and held down the best government positions.

Q:  Who was the designer of the Barbados coat-of-arms?

A:  Neville C. Connell, a director of the Barbados Museum for almost 24 years. In this work, he was assisted by Mrs. Hilda Ince, an artist. Mr. Connell, a student of Heraldry, was educated at Harrison College, Barbados and Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. A lawyer, he was called to the Bar at Grey's Inn. After serving in the Royal Artillery on the outbreak of war, he worked in an Antique Dealer's business and was also Assistant Secretary of the Institute Practitioners in advertising. A prolific writer, Mr. Connell and contributed articles to the Museum Journals, local newspapers and overseas publications.  He died on January 19th, 1973 at the age of 66.

Q. What sheep, indigenous to Barbados, are treasured for their reproductive efficiency and their lean meat?

A.  Barbados Blackbellies.